Definition Of Gender
Gender refers to the economic, social, political and cultural attributes and opportunities that are associated with being a woman or man. Gender refers to and defines the socially acquired differences between men and women according to their physiology, reproductive capacity and potential. Sex is associated with physical and physiological characteristics including chromosomes, gene expression, hormone levels, function and reproductive and sexual anatomy.
Gender describes the characteristics of women, men, girls and boys as socially constructed. These include the norms, behaviors, and roles associated with their relationship with others. As a social construct, gender varies according to society, as it changes over time.
Gender has a number of characteristics related to the distinction between femininity and masculinity. Depending on the context, this includes biological gender, gender-specific social structures, gender roles and gender identity. Gender analysis identifies and analyses measures to address inequalities resulting from different roles for women and men, unjust power relationships between them and the consequences of these inequalities for their lives, health and well-being.
Gender (binary noun) is the notion that there are two genders, male and female, and that a man or a woman is a person who is gender specific. In societies where there is a gender difference between men and women, such as hijras in South Asia, this is referred to as the third or fourth gender. Gender can also interact with different genders, which refers to different biological and physiological characteristics of female, male or intersex individuals, such as chromosomes, hormones and reproductive organs.
An internal, socially held feeling that one’s gender is the same or different from the gender assigned at birth. A representation of how gender is expressed, for example by name choice, pronoun, clothing, haircut, behavior, voice, and body features.
An individual’s actual or perceived gender, gender identity, self-image, appearance, behaviour or expression, regardless of whether or not they are different from the gender assigned at birth. Gender expression is not necessarily male or female and does not necessarily correspond to traditional gender stereotypes associated with specific gender identities.
Transgender – A generic term that refers to people who do not identify with the gender category assigned to them at birth, but whose identity and / or behavior lie outside stereotypical gender norms. Graygender – A gender term which describes those who experience ambivalence about gender identity and expression but who do not necessarily identify with a binary gender of man or woman. Third sex – The third sex comes from non-Western mother cultures and is a gender category which includes people whose gender is not classified as male, female or differs from male or female.
A gender identity label conveying the experience of having a male gender identity different from the gender that is assigned to a gender at birth. A label for gender identities that represents the experience of having a female gender identity that is different from the gender assigned to a gender at birth. Trans is a generic term that encompasses many gender identities as well as specific gender identities that describe a gender identity that differs from the gender identity assigned at birth (e.g. Male, female, intersex).
The terms “gender” and “gender” are often used interchangeably, but as their use becomes clearer, it is important to understand the differences between them. This article deals with the meaning of sex and the difference between the two.
Gender tends to denote the social and cultural roles that each gender occupies in a particular society. Some people believe that sex should be viewed as a continuum, not as two mutually exclusive categories.
Gender is a central organizational principle of society that determines the processes of production, reproduction, consumption and distribution (FAO, 1997). Gender is defined by the FAO as the relationship between men and women that is perceptible rather than material. Gender is not socially determined, but the result of sexual characteristics that women and men construct.
Gender relationships influence household security, family well-being, planning and production, and many other aspects of life (Bravo and Baumann 2000 ). The FAO definition of gender issues focuses on women and the relationship between men and women, men and women’s roles, access and control of resources, the division of labor and interests and needs. The definition of “gender” is often misunderstood, especially when it comes to promoting women.
Although the content of women’s health is limited to women and men, women are subject to the health effects of gender. While these effects disproportionately burden women in the literature, gender-specific determinants of health also occur for women.
At population level, women in most countries of the world have more limited access to resources, their bodies and their lives than men. In many societies, men assume roles that are considered belonging to women, while women play roles that are assigned to men.
Gender equality refers to fairness and equity in the distribution of benefits and obligations between women and men. Gender equality is the state of conditions that enable men and women to enjoy human rights, values, goods, opportunities and resources equally. Gender-based violence is violence derived from gender norms, roles and inequal power relationships between women and men.
Equality does not mean that women and men become equal or that the rights, duties and opportunities of women and men do not depend on whether they were male or female born. Gender equality implies taking into account the interests, needs and priorities of men and women, while recognising the diversity of various groups of women and men.
With regard to gender studies, Jacquetta Newman notes that gender determines how people express gender, not vice versa. Gender is a socially constructed process that is based on the culture and cultural expectations of women and men and has no direct relation to their biology.