Definition Of Communism
Communism, as developed by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, is the opposite of capitalism, which is based on democracy and production and not on capital in the construction of society. The central argument for soviet communism, in contrast to social democracy and Leninist communism, is that democratic workers “councils emerge in factories and communities as a natural form of organisation of the working class without government power. As such, soviet communism is opposed to state-directed authoritarian state socialism and state capitalism.
Today it refers to the political and economic ideology that has its origins in Karl Marx’s theory of revolutionary socialism which advocates the overthrow of capitalist social structure by the proletariat, social common property and management of the means of production and the eventual establishment of a classless society. Communism, also known as revolutionary socialism, arose as a reaction to the Industrial Revolution and was defined by Marxist theories that were carried to their extreme end.
Indeed, Marxists often refer to socialism as the first necessary stage on the road from capitalism to communism. After the state revolution of 1917, Lenin claimed that socialism corresponded to the first phase of the communist society of Marxism and communism to the second.
Karl Marx, the German political philosopher and economist who became one of the most influential socialist thinkers in history argued that history is a history of class struggle in which the working class (the proletariat) triumphs over the capital class (the bourgeoisie) and gains control of the means of production, thereby wiping out the class. In their seminal works, Marx, Friedrich Engels and the Communist manifesto, Marx, Engels and their followers spoke of and predicted an inevitable global proletarian revolution that would wean us into an era of socialism and communism. Both communism and socialism, since they emerged from grassroots resistance to the exploitation of workers by the rich and corporations during the Industrial Revolution.
Communism differs from capitalism in that there are no private owners, but it resembles fascism in the application of a central plan. Communism is a centrally planned economy because it mobilises economic resources on a large scale and implements large-scale projects created by the industrial powers. As communism progresses, it transcends individual self-interest and subjugates the welfare of the general public in order to achieve crucial social goals.
Communist philosophy focuses on the control of the means of production in a society. The development of communism puts an end to the class struggle for the maintenance of capital and the means of production within its own communities. The means of production are physical labour and capital, which are used to produce various goods for society.
Marx and Engels modern communism was a theory that was put into practice only after their death. After the Bolshevik Revolution Vladimir Lenin developed avant-gardism, the Marxist theory of late socialism, and out of socialism came communism.
In the best-known form of communism, it held the view that the state would die after the fall of the capitalist system. Communism would fail for several reasons, including the lack of incentives for citizens to make profits, the failure of centralized planning, and the effects of the seizure of power by a small number of people who would exploit it to exploit the system.
Communism is a political and economic ideology that positions itself against liberal democracy and capitalism and advocates a classless system in which means of production are private and private property does not exist or is severely restricted. Pure communism is an economic, political and social system in which the majority of property and resources of a class belong to individual citizens in a free society.
According to the theory of the German philosopher, economist and political theorist Karl Marx, pure communism would lead to a society in which all would have the same needs and in which there would be no money and no accumulation of individual wealth. A core principle is the concept of public ownership of all persons and products in society. Communism is the abolition of private property, which would be collectively owned by all members of society.
Communism is a political and economic doctrine aimed at replacing private property in a profit-oriented economy with public property and communal control over at least some of the most important means of production of a society (e.g. Mines, mills, factories, natural resources ). It is a form of socialism, the highest and most progressive form, according to its proponents. Communism is defined as a system in which all property in society belongs to the community.
Despite the Christian overtones of early communist philosophy, Marx and Engels suggested that modern communism required a materialistic and scientific analysis of past and future of human society. They believed that a communist society would be a people with the ability and necessity to regulate social relations.
Communism is a violent revolution in which workers revolt against the middle and upper class and is seen as an inevitable part of the realization of a purely communist state. According to this analysis, the revolution brings the working class into power, which in turn establishes social ownership of the production means, which is the primary element in the transformation of society into communism. The productive forces continue to move to socialism, a socio-economic system based on social ownership of production and distribution means based on a contribution to production, organized and used to transform a communist society.
Communism is the economic, social and political ideology to which I belong. Socialism refers to a system of social organization in which private property and income distribution are subject to social control. Much of the basic tenets of modern communism stem from its idea of public ownership, the definition of property in society.
The main arguments against private property are that it restricts the development of social classes through unfair control over the means of production, and action should be taken against patent holders who infringe these ideas with regard to the assumption of control by the state.